Disentangling the role of income in the academic achievement of migrant children

Children who migrate are more likely to live in poverty – across Canada and in the world’s richest nations. A recent study used a population-based cohort of BC children to examine whether income differently predicted the kindergarten to Grade 7 (K-7) literacy and numeracy trajectories of migrant children (economic, family, and refugee groups), in comparison to non-migrants.

Other than a sub-group of high-achieving economic class migrant children, which appeared to be less impacted by low income levels, poverty was just as predictive of detrimental academic outcomes for migrant children as it was for non-migrant children. The findings from the current study provide a more nuanced understanding of the relationship between income and the developmental outcomes of migrant children.